SNAD Collection

Combined Techniques

Working various techniques together in one piece of embroidery is not only a great exercise in design, but is also helpful for students developing various needlework skills simultaneously.

A Little History

Needlework need not fit into a neat technique category such as whitework or needlepoint. Combining techniques can reveal new, unique visual languages. Certain techniques, which are stitched separately and then applied to a shared ground fabric, like stumpwork, needlelace, and appliqué, are more frequently stitched in combination with surface embroidery, providing visual context on the ground fabric. Blackwork and goldwork are also common partners in Elizabethan embroidery, but don’t let convention limit your creativity!


  • Beaney, Jan and Jean Littlejohn. A Complete Guide to Creative Embroidery. London: B.T. Batsford Ltd, 1991. Print.
  • Trott, Pat. Three-Dimensional Embroidery Stitches. United Kingdom: Search Press, 2005. Print.
  • Beaney, Jan. Stitches: New Approaches. London: B.T. Batsford Ltd, 1987.

Blackwork and Goldwork

Blackwork and Whitework